Courtyards: Aesthetic, Social, and Thermal Delight

Courtyards: Aesthetic, Social, and Thermal Delight

Courtyards: Aesthetic, Social, and Thermal Delight

Author(s): John Reynolds

Publisher: Wiley; 1 edition (November 15, 2001)

Language: English

ISBN-10: 0471398845

ISBN-13: 978-0471398844
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Courtyards are special areas that allow the inside and outside to mingle; where rain, wind, daylight, darkness and sound can be showcased. Simply, they are niches of beauty and solace. Since at least 3000 B.C., courtyards have been incorporated into the architecture of the day as a significant part of the physical and cultural landscape. Today, the courtyard continues to be an evolving and popular aspect of design through which landscapers and designers can create privacy amidst increased property development.

Most people have seen the beauty of a courtyard or have experienced its social benefits, but very few studies have shown how successful courtyards are at cooling. Reynolds career-long interest in energy use, especially solar energy, is on display in the chapter on climate and comfort. Here and throughout the book, he addresses energy issues in both quality and quantity.

Courtyards presents a survey of courtyards, contemporary design guidelines and a diverse selection of examples. You will acquire a basic understanding of the balance that must exist between garden and building, including practical advice for planting.

Part One presents the characteristics of courtyards, including classifications, plants, orientation, exposure, materials and changes over time. Part Two offers a tour of some particular courtyards in Spain and Mexico, including details on thermal performance and responses to the urban environment. This section is generously supplemented with 50 color photographs. Part Three presents design guidelines, including day-night temperature ranges, zoning regulations, proportions and innovative proposals incorporating driveways and uses of rainwater.

John Reynolds is a professor emeritus of architecture at the University of Oregon. He has been actively involved in the American Solar Energy Society for many years and served as its president.

242 pages, 2002

Circle Houses

Circle Houses

Circle Houses

Author(s): David Pearson

Publisher: Chelsea Green (October 1, 2001)

Language: English

ISBN-10: 1890132861

ISBN-13: 978-1890132866

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Nature is filled with circles and animal homes are no exception. From bird nests to beaver lodges, it’s difficult for find an angle. Nomadic people continued the pattern. Round-shaped homes, echoing natural forms, have sheltered human families since the dawn of recorded time. Given this bias toward circles, it’s surprising how unusual circular houses are in industrialized society. In our disconnected world, the circle has given way to the box.

As David Pearson explains in his introduction, “Like our nomadic ancestors, many of us have a deep yearning to roam with the seasons and be close to nature and the cosmos. The traditional forms of the yurt, tipi and bender are the apogee of this experience. . . . Nomadic populations live in some of the most inhospitable and barren regions of the world and this is why they are nomads. Whether it be the deserts of the Sahara and Gobi, the steppes of Mongolia, or the polar tundras, these vast areas are either too hot and arid or too cold and windswept to be cultivated. An African grass-covered hut, a Romany gypsy ‘bender,’ an Asian yurt, or a Native American tipi are all perfect lessons in appropriate design and sustainable building. Refined over generations, they are simple yet sophisticated, beautiful and comfortable.”

Remarkable for their economy, resilience and portability, these structures have continued to exert a powerful appeal in modern times. And beyond practicality, what the circle dwellers in this book speak of most eloquently is the incomparable spiritual resonance of round homes, which “represent the universe in microcosm: the floor (Earth), the roof (sky), and the hole in the roof (the sun).”

Circle Houses is a fascinating glimpse of tradition meeting timelessness, filled with stories of 21st-century nomads and complete with basic instructions for designing and constructing your own yurt, tipi or bent-frame tent.

About the Author David Pearson is an architect and the author of several acclaimed books on natural design.

Hardcover, 95 pages

The Lighting Pattern Book for Homes

The Lighting Pattern Book for Homes

The Lighting Pattern Book for HomesAuthor(s): Russell P. Leslie, Kathryn M. Conway

Publisher: McGraw Hill Text
ISBN: 0070380791

ISBN-13: 978-0070380790

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The Lighting Pattern Book for Homes

2nd Edition
Hardcover, 208 pages
Publication date: November 1996

Synopsis:
The complete, authoritative residential lighting resource, from the largest research center in the world, supplies all the practical designs, details, and plans architects need to select, design, and install efficient lighting that suits both aesthetic and economic needs. Filled with hundreds of photos and sketches, this book explains and illustrates all common lighting techniques

Table of Contents
How To Use This Book
People, Energy, and Light
Techniques
Designs
Economics
Lamps
Luminaires
Controls
Appendix. Ballasts and Power Quality
Glossary
Associations and Further Reading
Index

Our Ecological Footprint: Reducing Human Impact on the Earth (New Catalyst Bioregional Series)

Our Ecological Footprint: Reducing Human Impact on the Earth (New Catalyst Bioregional Series)

Our Ecological Footprint: Reducing Human Impact on the Earth (New Catalyst Bioregional Series)

Author(s): Mathis Wackernagel, William Rees, Phil Testemale (Illustrator)

Publisher: New Society Publishers

ISBN: 086571312X

ISBN-13: 978-0865713123

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Paperback
Publication date: July 1, 1998

05/12/1998:
Reducing Human Impact on Earth; down to earth concepts and simple math…a great resource!

from Masai, Johor, Malaysia, 09/07/97, rating=8:
Thought provoking, jolts one from the rat race… I stumbled upon this book in the journal D&G, at a time I was thinking hard about the direction of the civilization. So I ordered one. It was an unassuming book, neatly printed and illustrated with black and white caricatures. At first I thought it was a mistake to order such a book. But as I read on, the insights of the authors emerged, so profound, yet so simply explained. Really, after swallowing all the contents for five consecutive nights, one will ask, How come I did not think of this??. The concept is vivid : it tried to explain what the ecological footprint means : how much of land is required to support yourself. And it turned out that there is already not enough for the world. Further proliferation of current lifestyles is suicidal. The authors devoted a whole long chapter on proposals of alternative lifestyles. These are nowhere hardcore technical, rest assured. They are blindingly simple, and yet hard to swallow. Just ask any Tom, Dick and Harry whether he or she wants such a life, you will get an awkward stare : are you in your right mind? The authors may be right, but when we have gone so far astray, we have forgotten the road from which we come. This book cannot score 10 points, though. The examples on how an economy can develop without growth are not solid enough. While the writers are not economists, to force the reader to think twice about current lifestyles, they must fork out a marvellous thesis, which has yet to be clearly stated. This is a good book at the introductory level. Although it sometimes touch on the Second Law of Thermodynamics, the reader is not expected to have an a priori understanding. It’s explanation is vivid and simple. While it may insult Professors and those high brow academics, it is a book easy to follow. Worth a try.

Ecological Design and Planning (Center Books on Contemporary Landscape Design)

Ecological Design and Planning (Center Books on Contemporary Landscape Design)

Ecological Design and Planning (Center Books on Contemporary Landscape Design)

Author(s): George F. Thompson (Editor), Frederick R. Steiner (Editor)

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471156140

ISBN-13: 978-0471156147

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Ecological Design and Planning (Wiley Series in Sustainable Design)

Paperback
Publication date: March 1997

Card catalog description
The common thread that runs through these essays is the authors’ conviction that the growing rift in landscape design – ecology vs. aesthetics – is an artificial one. Each author expresses abiding concern for the ecological preservation and enhancement of the site, while demonstrating clearly – with both words and pictures – that the best designs are those that harmonize aesthetic form and ecological function. Ecological Design and Planning is a source of ideas and inspiration for landscape architects and planners, architects, and all those who understand the importance of designing with nature.

The publisher, John Wiley & Sons:
This collection of essays on ecological landscape design and planning stresses the preservation and enhancement of the site’s ecological function. It discusses a central issue of the field–the incorporation of ecological principles into landscape design and planning. It addresses the growing rift in landscape design–ecology vs. aesthetics–is an artificial one. Each author expresses abiding concern for the ecological perservation and enhancement of the site, while demonstrating clearly–with both words and pictures–that the best designs are those that harmonize aesthetic form and ecological function.

Table of Contents
RETROSPECT

  • Landscape Ecological Planning (F Ndubisi)
  • The Expanded Field of Landscape Architecture (E Meyer)
  • Ecology and Landscape as Agents of Creativity (J Corner)
  • Landscape Design and Nature (L Olin)

PROSPECT

  • Landscape Architecture and the Changing City (M Laurie)
  • Ecology and the Urban Aesthetic (M Johnson)
  • Bioregional Planning and Ecosystem Protection (C Reiniger)
  • Signature-Based Landscape Design (J Woodward)

RESPECT

  • Beyond Stewardship Toward Partnership (SSchauman)
  • Fostering Living Landscapes (C Franklin)
  • Images of an Ideal Landscape and the Consequences for Design and Planning (M Vroom)
  • Ecology and Design (I McHarg)

Index.

Daylighting Performance and Design

Daylighting Performance and Design

Daylighting Performance and Design

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Hardcover: 256 pages

ISBN: 0471286613

ISBN-13: 978-0471286615

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Daylighting Performance and Design

Hardcover

This step-by-step manual shows you how to incorporate daylighting into your building designs. Daylighting Performance and Design first explains the fundamentals of daylighting and then surveys nine design strategies. There is a complete discussion of ways to integrate daylight with electric lighting. Daylighting design tools include a series of worksheets for manual calculations and a thorough discussion of three top computer programs. More than two dozen other computer design and evaluation tools are listed. There’s even a section dedicated to physical modeling using a sky simulator.

Case studies of retail, office, institutional and industrial buildings tie it all together. Each one includes plan and elevation drawings along with several photographs of the completed building. Performance results are presented for each case study. The appendices provide technical data on weather and materials. One extremely useful appendix presents a parametric analysis of daylighting for a standard building in six representative locations in the U.S. Using the DOE-2 computer program, dozens of performance parameters were calculated, including energy used for lighting and HVAC, along with capital cost and payback.

From evaluation to execution, Daylighting Performance and Design is a catalog of strategies, materials and methods. It makes theory, calculations and execution crystal clear with straight-to-the-solution examples and uncluttered language.

Daylighting in Architecture: A European Reference Book

Daylighting in Architecture: A European Reference Book

Daylighting in Architecture: A European Reference Book

Author(s): N. Baker (Editor), A. Fanchiotti (Editor), K. Steemers (Editor)

Publisher: James & James

Paperback: 380 pages

ISBN: 1873936214

ISBN-13: 978-1873936214

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Typically one third of the energy used in many buildings may be consumed by electric lighting. Good daylighting design can reduce electricity consumption for lighting and improve standards of visual comfort, health and amenity for the occupants.

As the only comprehensive text on the subject written in the last decade, the book will be welcomed by all architects and building services engineers interested in good daylighting design.

TOPICS include:
* daylighting evaluation and analysis
* light and human requirements
* daylight data
* photometry of materials
* daylighting components
* electric lighting
* control systems
* daylight and energy modeling
* case studies
* glossary

The book is based on the work of 25 experts from all parts of Europe who have collected, evaluated and developed the material under the auspices of the European Commission’s Solar Energy and Energy Conservation R&D Programs.

About the Author

Koen Steemers of Cambridge Architectural Research Ltd., Cambridge, U.K.

Nick V. Baker is an independent consultant and technical expert on the energy efficient refurbishment and the development of LT software in the UK.

A. Fanchiotti of the University of Rome “La Sapienza,’ Rome, Italy.

Earth-Sheltered Dwellings in Tunisa: Ancient Lessons for Modern Design

Earth-Sheltered Dwellings in Tunisa: Ancient Lessons for Modern Design

Earth-Sheltered Dwellings in Tunisa: Ancient Lessons for Modern DesignAuthor(s): Gideon S. Golany

Publisher: Univ of Delaware Press

ISBN: 0874132975

ISBN-13: 978-0874132977

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Earth-Sheltered Dwellings in Tunisa : Ancient Lessons for Modern Design Hardcover Publication date: October 1988

This contributes to an understanding of the traditionally evolved system of below-ground housing and suggest show the design of modern earth-sheltered space can be improved. Within the context of Tunisian underground dwellings, this book studies heat gain and loss, and presents field research on the plan, operation, and functional aspects of such housing.

Healthy House Building : A Design and Construction Guide

Healthy House Building: A Design and Construction Guide

Healthy House Building : A Design and Construction Guide

Author(s): John Bower

Publisher: Healthy House Inst

ISBN: 0963715623

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How you put your house together is just as important as the materials you choose. Healthy House Building takes you step-by-step through the construction of a Model Healthy House. With over 200 photos and illustrations, as well as a complete set of detailed construction drawings, Healthy House Building shows you everything you need to know to build a healthy house. While your house probably won’t look like the one in this book, the important how-to information necessary to build or remodel in a healthy manner can be applied to all houses. This second edition contains updated addresses for the suppliers of materials used in the Model Healthy House

Healthy House Building is a heavily illustrated book that walks the reader through every phase of construction. In building the Model Healthy House, Bower promotes a concept he calls “Eliminate, Separate, Ventilate”… Bower recognizes that economic realities often necessitate tradeoffs, and he suggests where compromises can be made with the least impact on the environment… Full of useful information. — Fine Homebuilding, August/September 1994

From the Publisher

Of course, having comprehensive text on healthy housing is important. But Healthy House Building (Second Edition) by John Bower takes this information further–by actually showing readers how to build a healthy house from the ground up. Want to see how to lay a ceramic tile floor using a self-made, no-additive grout; how to install a metal roof; or how the air-tight drywall approach should be done? These and all the other steps required to build a “model healthy house” are explained in text–but also with over 250 photographs, and 25 pages of detailed house plans. This is the type of information you’ll be able to apply to your next building or remodeling project.

384 pages

Publication date: November 1997

Natural Ventilation in Buildings: A Design Handbook

Natural Ventilation in Buildings: A Design Handbook

Natural Ventilation in Buildings: A Design Handbook

Author(s): Francis Allard, Ed.

Hardcover: 366 pages

Publisher: Routledge (February 1, 1998)

ISBN: 1873936729

ISBN-13: 978-1873936726

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Ventilating buildings naturally — with minimal use of mechanical devices — offers environmental, economic, comfort and health benefits. Approaches can be high-tech or low-tech, but always need to be part of an integrated design strategy. A range of technical barriers, such as building codes, fire regulations and acoustics, also need to be taken into account.

This new handbook describes the real potential of natural ventilation, its appropriate use, the design and dimensioning methodologies, the need for an integrated design approach, and how to overcome barriers. It includes a CD-ROM with software to assist in the calculation of airflow rate in natural ventilation configurations. This air flow modelling software is a bonus and does not form an integral part of the book, so you will derive maximum benefit from the book without having to use the software. The software requires at least a 486DX, Windows 3.1 (or higher), 5Mb free hard disk space for installation, 16Mb RAM and VGA Monitor 640×480. The program makes considerable use of virtual memory. While these are minimum requirements, a more advanced computer is recommended.

The book will provide essential design information for architects, building engineers and other building design professionals. Published in the United Kingdom.

368 pages, 1998, Hardcover

…this is an exceptionally well researched book on a subject of great importance and some controversy… WORLD ARCHITECTURE