Protecting Ecosystems and Communities: A Resource Book

Protecting Ecosystems and Communities: A Resource BookAuthor(s): US EPA

Publisher: EPA Office of Sustainable Ecosystems and Communities

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Office of Sustainable Ecosystems and Communities Office of Policy, Planning and Evaluation U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (Mail Code 2182) 401 M Street, S.W.
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Over the last twenty-five years, federal and state anti-pollution laws have achieved many notable environmental successes. Local communities often play a prominent role in addressing many of the most pressing environmental concerns. Central to these concerns is the need for clean and vital ecosystems. Healthy ecosystems support human health, plants, and animals. They also provide recreational opportunities and support local economies dependent upon fish, game, forests, and other resources. Full protection of our nation’s ecosystems requires communities and individuals to conserve
or restore habitats and solve other environmental problems not specifically
addressed by traditional regulatory approaches.

Over many years, a number of communities in the country have initiated their own successful community-based environmental efforts. Indeed, the first anti-pollution laws around the turn of the century were local ones. This publication draws on the experiences of many different communities to provide examples of community-based environmental programs and key approaches, information, and other tools that communities are using


People, Land, and Community

People, Land, and CommunityAuthor(s): Hildegarde Hannum (Editor), Nancy Jack Todd (Introduction), E. F. Schumacher

Publisher: Yale Univ Press

ISBN: 0300071736 (paperback). 0300069669 (hardcover)

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People, Land, and Community: Collected E. F. Schumacher Society Lectures Hardcover 352 pages June 1997

From Kirkus Reviews , February 1, 1997

An outstanding collection of talks devoted to the late economist E.F. Schumacher’s “small is beautiful” ethic. Founded in 1981 by the environmental writer David Ehrenfeld and others, the E.F. Schumacher Society has sponsored some 40 lectures by noted scholars and thinkers on problems of land use, agriculture, urban planning, and other eminently practical fields. The 21 lectures gathered here by Hannum, a board member of the society, address Schumacher’s call for small-scale economies and polities, a call that the Kentucky farmer-poet Wendell Berry, for one, has made his own; Berry’s talk, on the need for local production and local consumption, provides the title for the collection. Other high points are Robert Swann and Susan Witt’s ingenious discussion of local currencies, in which cities ike Ithaca, N.Y., issue scrip to buy local goods and services, drawing on a barter pool of talent and material; and the book’s afterword, by the young scholar Benjamin Strauss, on bringing notions of stewardship and land reform to Generation Xers, who seem prime candidates for the environmental crusade. As Strauss notes, this generation volunteers more time for social causes than any other age cohort of the last 30 years. Francis Moore Lappeâ discusses, with her customary commonsensical approach, problems of world hunger; David Ehrenfeld examines why university bureaucracies are hostile to small-scale research projects (they don’t generate enough overhead funds, Ehrenfeld writes, and thus fail to fuel what he calls a system that has no `negative feedback’); and Stephanie Mills looks at the problems of restoring damaged lands to something like their original state. Many of these lectures went on to spawn books, among them Cities and the Wealth of Nations by Jane Jacobs and The Conquest of Paradise by Kirkpatrick Sale. For environmentalists, regional planners, and interested lay readers, this book contains abundant food for thought. — Copyright ©1997, Kirkus Associates, LP. All rights reserved.
Card catalog description

Degradation of environment and community, along with its economic causes, has been the subject of much concern in recent years. In this book, some of the most respected authorities in the field discuss the historical, cultural, social, political, and economic implications of this degradation and suggest citizen initiatives that may halt it. Contributors explore topics that range from agricultural reform to bioregional economics. They all, however, focus on the importance of sustainability, community, healthy and locally based economies of scale, education, the dignity of good work, and balance between human needs and the well-being of the natural world. The book is based on the annual lecture series sponsored by the E. F. Schumacher Society, a series honoring the ideas that Schumacher first put forward in his classic book Small Is Beautiful: Economics as if People Mattered.

Eco-City Dimensions: Healthy Communities Healthy Planet

Cover, Eco-City Dimensions : Healthy Communities Healthy Planet Author(s): Mark Roseland (Editor)

Publisher: New Society Pub

ISBN: 0865713537

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Eco-City Dimensions : Healthy Communities Healthy Planet

Hardcover January 1997

Eco-City Dimensions demonstrates that movement is definitely under way toward implementing the vision of eco-cities, and that citizen organizations and municipal officials around the world are initiating creative solutions to harsh social and environmental challenges. Eco-City Dimensions honors the crucial role that cities play in planetary health, while presenting a variety of inspiring proposals for improving communities to meet the challenge of sustainability.

Many critical global environmental concerns are rooted at the local level, in the cities in which most of us live. It follows that local communities may well offer the brightest promise for solving a variety of these pressing world-scale problems. In Eco-City Dimensions, more than a dozen contributors tackle issues of ecological economics and community design, collaborative housing and traffic restraint programs, governance and resource management, cross-cultural dynamics and community participation, indicators of success and overcoming barriers to change. With examples from the United States, Canada, northern Europe, Australia and New Zealand, these thought-provoking and stimulating essays reveal a wealth of wisdom and talent being brought to bear on securing a sustainable future for us all.

Resource Guide for Creating Successful Communities; A Guidebook to Growth Management Strategies

Resource Guide for Creating Successful Communities; A Guidebook to Growth Management StrategiesAuthor(s): Michael A. Mantell, Stephen F. Harper, Luther Propst

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1559630310

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Resource Guide for Creating Successful Communities; A Guidebook to Growth Management Strategie

Developed to assist users of Creating Successful Communities, the Resource Guide for Creating Successful Communities includes a detailed outline of the many tax benefits of private land conservation; examples of ordinances covering all land types, articles of incorporation, bylaws, and easements; and a glossary of growth management tools.

Paperback, 210 pages
Publication date: January 1990

Booknews, Inc. , 10/01/90:
Developed for civic activists, policymakers, and planners, this useful volume gives practical guidelines for developing workable action plans for restoring distinctiveness and livability to communities, and provides strategies for effective participation in growth-management decisionmaking. It includes profiles of communities that are already putting growth-management strategies to work. Produced by The Conservation Foundation. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or. SEE ALSO: Creating Sucessful Communities.

The Next American Metropolis: Ecology, Community, and the American Dream

Cover, The Next American Metropolis: Ecology, Community, and the American Dream Author(s): Peter Calthorpe

Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press

ISBN: 1878271687

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Paperback, 175 pages
Publication date: June 1993

Art and Architecture Editor’s Recommended Book, 04/01/97:
One of the foremost practitioners of New Urbanism, Peter Calthorpe, an urban designer and architect based in Berkeley, California, offers one of the most coherent and persuasive arguments for moving the United States away from sprawl and toward more compact, mixed-use, economically diverse, and ecologically sound communities. This book presents 24 of Calthorpe’s regional urban plans, in which towns are organized so that residents can be less dependent upon their cars and can walk, bike, or take public transportation between work, school, home, and shopping. This book is not just for architects and urban planners, but for all concerned citizens interested in developing a cohesive, feasible vision of the sustainable city of the future.

Booknews, Inc. , 02/01/94:
Advocates a fundamental change in patterns of building to respond to the growth crisis in US metropolitan regions. Defines a new direction, and provides guidelines–not an architectural manifesto or utopian proposal, but the alternatives currently shaping debate regarding housing, traffic, and environmental and social problems. Describes numerous real projects from various regions. Abundantly illustrated. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.

The publisher , 06/28/96:
California-based architect and planner Peter Calthorpe has moved beyond suburb bashing and published an intelligent, coherent vision of humane, walkable, ecologically sound cities that could shape American development into the 21st century. The Next American Metropolis is equal parts polemic, practical how-to guidelines, and personal portfolio.–Robert Gerloff, Utne Reader Passionate and practical, holistic and plain speaking, as good a summary of the many problematic and interwoven dimensions of sprawl as has recently appeared….The polemic flirts with, but stops short of, apocalyptic projection, reverting instead to common sense persuasiveness…. [Calthorpe has] led a courageous, lonely insurgency against the sheer banality of much contemporary suburban planning.–Alex Krieger, International Contract

Green Development: Integrating Ecology and Real Estate

Green Development: Integrating Ecology and Real Estate

Green Development: Integrating Ecology and Real EstateAuthors: Rocky Mountain Institute, Alex Wilson, Jenifer L. Uncapher, Lisa McManigal, L. Hunter Lovins, Maureen Cureton, William D. Browning

Publisher: Rocky Mtn Institute & CREST

ISBN: 0471188786

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“Green Development is good for business. Tenants, owners, purchasers, and brokers are all becoming more sophisticated and are realizing the financial and social benefits of green product.” –Gerald Hines, Chairman of Hines.

Environmentally responsible real estate development makes dollars and sense. Green Development describes an exciting new field in which environmental considerations are viewed as opportunities to create fundamentally better buildings and communities–more comfortable, more efficient, more appealing, and ultimately more profitable.

If you’re a developer, architect, planner, contractor, lender, or city official, this book speaks your language. Every stage of the development process is examined in detail: market research, site planning, design, approvals, financing, construction, marketing, and occupancy. Also included are lists of project statistics and contacts, books and other information sources, and development strategies.

Based on 80 case studies drawn from Rocky Mountain Institute’s extensive worldwide research and consulting work, Green Development distills proven procedures and practical lessons that work in the real world.

Gaviotas : A Village to Reinvent the World

Cover, Gaviotas : A Village to Reinvent the World Author: Alan Weisman

Publisher: Chelsea Green Pub Co

ISBN: 0930031954

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Gaviotas : A Village to Reinvent the World

240 pages
May 1998

The Nation, Tom Athanasiou
…a book telling a tale too lovely for fiction, a lyrical, well-observed book that reports from the llanos of eastern Colombia, savannas tortured by guns and cows and cocaine, of an experiment in solar democracy in which appropriate technology is anything but a sad product on the discount tables of broken, post-sixties idealism.

Customer Comments

A reader from Washington state. , July 21, 1998
Gaviotas holds out a real hope for the future of this Planet
Come along as Alan Weisman deftly weaves the true story of one man’s dream and many peoples making. A dream of hope for our planet and belief in the triumph of many human spirits.

Gaviotas is a dream that Colombian Paolo Lugari had over 30 years ago. A dream that Paolo never let go of and with the help of an indomitable group of engineers, teachers, doctors, students, musicians and native Colombian Indians he has succeeded in accpmplishing. Blessed along the way with grants from the United Nations as well as others, they have brought that dream, Gaviotas, to fruition.

Paolo always believed that a self-sustainable community could prosper, working with nature instead of against her. To that end he found a piece of environmentally challenged land in the Savannas of Colombia and began his dream.

The engineers went to work. Their solar technology runs everything from lights to phones to water pumps and heaters to water purification plants. They discovered how to ! get solar energy from the low light of rainy days, since the rainy season at Gaviotas lasts for 8 months of the year. The children’s see-saw is used to draw water from the well. They grow their own food, then cook it with methane from cow manure.

They air conditioned the hospital with centuries old techniques using not one whit of electricity. They’ve even managed to re-establish an ancient rain forest, and a thriving renewable industry to go with it.

This would be a remarkable feat anywhere. That it was accomplished in Colombia is astounding. Colombia is as battle-scared as any nation on earth. In one decade alone over two thousand poloticians and two presidental candidates were murdered.

Through all of this Gaviotas has thrived and willingly made changes when needed. They have shared unstintingly with those in need all around the world, all the while staying consciously unarned while surrounded by battling vigilantes, government troops and guerillas.

Weisman has told the story of the Gaviotans and their accomplishments so beautifully, it is one of those rare stories that I did not want to end. And in reality it has not ended because Gaviotas continues to grow and prosper.

In a world where most of us doubt that these things can really be accomplished Gaviotas holds out a real hope for the future of this Planet.

A reader from San Andres Islands , July 11, 1998
Gaviotas Shows People Working Together CAN Make a Difference
Gaviotas describes the trials & tribulations of Environmental Improvement in a place called the LLANOS in Colombia-The book has inspired me to help fund a project to bring Internet to Schools in the Caribbean-We want to thank Alan Weisman for risking his life-That was the part in the book that was a sort of wake-up call for me personally-and bringing back the stories of people’s lives that have made an incredible difference in the preservation of our planet. The book also shows the positive and hard-working nature the Colombian people pride themselves on-yet it is never shown the way that GAVIOTAS does. All Colombianos should buy this book for their family to enjoy-and buy an extra one and send to your relatives in Colombia.

Barbara Phillips from Seattle, WA, May 4, 1998
Discover a real-life Utopia on the arid plains of Columbia.
Twenty-seven years ago, a group of South Americans envisioned a society in which limited resources would form the base of a sustainable future. To bring their experiment to life, they chose a site in the sparsely populated and nearly arid plains of eastern Colombia. They called their village Gaviotas and went on to create a host of ingenious and relatively affordable technologies. Alan Weisman produced a documentary on Gaviotas for National Public Radio in 1994. After producing his radio documentary, Weisman maintained an avid interest in Gaviotas. He returned to the village several times in the past few years, and updates the Gaviotas story in his new book: Gaviotas: A Village to Reinvent the World. Weisman, a journalist based in Tucson, AZ, has covered some of the world’s worst ecological disasters, but when he needs his faith in the future restored, he always returns to Gaviotas where, he says, people seem to have gotten it right. This book documents the successful implemntation of a self-sufficient, harmonious, ecologically based community that is building a sustainable economy.

Gaviotas comes as close as human society can to achieving a real Utopia – and perhaps will serve as a model for a more balanced way of life for all of us.

Community Energy Workbook : A Guide to Building a Sustainable Economy

Community Energy Workbook: A Guide to Building a Sustainable Economy

Community Energy Workbook : A Guide to Building a Sustainable EconomyAuthor(s): Alice Hubbard

Publisher: Rocky Mountain Institute

ISBN: 1881071049

ISBN-13: 978-1881071044

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Publication date: March 1995
Community Energy Workbook : A Guide to Building a Sustainable Economy
Reduce your community’s energy consumption and improve the local economy. Drawing on the experiences of citizens around the country, The Community Energy Workbook outlines a comprehensive, step-by-step process for achieving sustainable, community-wide energy savings. This companion to The Economic Renewal Guide will help you calculate your community’s total energy bill, examine its economic and environmental implications, organize an energy town meeting, and involve the entire community in creating and implementing an energy action plan. We could forge no better energy policy than to put copies of The Community Energy Workbook on the desk of every local official and active citizen in the country.
–David Orr, author of Ecological Literacy.

1st edition (1995).
Softcover, 270 pages

Energy Conscious Design: A Primer for Architects

Author(s): John R. Goulding, J. Owen Lewis, Theo C. Steemers (Editor)

Publisher: B T Batsford Ltd

Paperback: 160 pages

ISBN: 0713469196

ISBN-13: 978-0713469196

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This book, being prepared for the Commission of the European Communities, is concerned with the idea of the urban energy efficiency as a means to provide better environmental performance. Its simplified way of presenting fundamental concepts is very convenient. What I really liked the best is that it is filled with very nice and clear figures that are self-explanatory. However, these figures are not numbered!!!, which makes it hard to link them with the text. The book is very useful for architects and architectural students.