Thermal Delight in Architecture

Thermal Delight in Architecture

Thermal Delight in ArchitectureAuthor(s): Lisa Heschong

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 026258039X

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Our thermal environment is as rich in cultural associations as our visual, acoustic, olfactory, and tactile environments. This book explores the potential for using thermal qualities as an expressive element in building design.Until quite recently, building technology and design has favored high-energy-consuming mechanical methods of neutralizing the thermal environment. It has not responded to the various ways that people use, remember, and care about the thermal environment and how they associate their thermal sense with their other senses. The hearth fire, the sauna, the Roman and Japanese baths, and the Islamic garden are discussed as archetypes of thermal delight about which rituals have developed — reinforcing bonds of affection and ceremony forged in the thermal experience. Not only is thermal symbolism now obsolete but the modern emphasis on central heating systems and air conditioning and hermetically sealed buildings has actually damaged our thermal coping and sensing mechanisms. This book for the solar age could help change all that and open up for us a new dimension of architectural experience.

Publication date: January 1980

From Eco-Cities to Living Machines : Principles of Ecological Design

From Eco-Cities to Living Machines : Principles of Ecological Design

From Eco-Cities to Living Machines : Principles of Ecological DesignAuthor(s): Nancy Jack Todd, John Todd

Publisher: North Atlantic Books

ISBN: 1556431503

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From Eco-cities to Living Machines presents the ecologically-based working designs and prototypes of biologist John Todd and writer and environmental activist Nancy Todd. Since 1969 with the founding of New Alchemy Institute on Cape Cod, the Todds have become known world-wide for their leadership in the restoration of pure water, bioremediation of wild aquatic environments, food production, and urban design. In this new book, the Todds further develop the idea of Eco-cities, designs for integrating agriculture and flowing pure water into green urban settings and introduce Living Machines, a family of technologies for purifying wastewaters to tertiary quality effluent without chemicals. Provocative and grounded firmly in the principles of biodiversity, the Todds’ work encompasses site-specific technological interventions and systems-wide ecological planners and designers, environmental economists, and systems-based engineers working to change the way we utilize production, technology, water and energy.

2nd Edition
Paperback, 185 pages
Publication date: April 1994

Table of Contents
Preface: The Years Between
Ch. 1. New Alchemy: Where It All Began
Ch. 2. From Bioshelters to Solar Villages to Future Human Settlements
Ch. 3. Emerging Precepts of Biological Design
Ch. 4. Redesigning Communities
Ch. 5. The Surrounding Landscape
Ch. 6. The Transforming Energy
Epilogue: Living Machines and the Years Ahead
Notes and References

Your Natural Home: A Complete Sourcebook and Design Manual for Creating a Healthy, Beautiful, Environmentally Sensitive House

Cover, Your Natural Home: A Complete Sourcebook and Design Manual for Creating a Healthy, Beautiful, Environmentally Sensitive HouseAuthor(s): Janet Marinelli, Paul Bierman-Lytle

Publisher: Little Brown & Company

ISBN: 0316093025 (hardcover), 0316093033 (paperback)

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Drawing upon the expertise of one of the world’s premier designers of ecologically sensitive houses, this unique guide provides both inspiration and practical advice for creating a natural, more energy-efficient home. The heart of the book is a compendium of 2,000 building, remodeling and decorating products. Detailed illustrations & informative sidebars.

Independent Builder : Designing & Building a House Your Own Way

Cover, Independent Builder : Designing & Building a House Your Own Way Author(s): Sam Clark

Publisher: Chelsea Green Pub Co

ISBN: 0930031857

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How-To Editor’s Recommended Book, 02/01/97:
Subtitled Designing and Building a House Your Own Way, this is the book for anyone thinking about building their own home. It is comprehensive, detailed and covers subjects I have never before seen covered in home building books, like how to make a small house seem bigger, incorporating ergonomics and accessibility, doing your own drawings and scale models, making contracts that work, and working effectively with professional designers and builders. With detailed diagrams and photographs, this is the most thorough overall guide to building your own home I have ever seen (and I’ve seen a lot!).

Design Outlaws on the Ecological Frontier

Cover, Design Outlaws on the Ecological Frontier Author(s): Chris Zelov, Phil Cousineau and Brian Dantz

Publisher: Chelsea Green Pub Co

ISBN: 096503061X

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Paperback Publication date: April 1997

300 pages, 225 photos

Buckminster Fuller was a design outlaw. He shattered preconceived notions of how buildings and machines should be put together. The result was the geodesic dome, the 60 mile-per-gallon Dymaxion Car, the self-sufficient Dymaxion House and host of other inventions that influenced a new wave of designers. In making their award-winning film, Ecological Design, Chris Zelov and Phil Cousineau interviewed 26 present-day design outlaws. To expand on the film, they published this book. Both the film and the book are brimming with the ideas and prototypes of the trailblazers who have defined ecological design over the past thirty years.

Here’s a partial list of the outlaws: Brendan O’Reagan, Ian McHarg, Douglas Adams, John Todd, Jay Baldwin, Stewart Brand, Mary Catherine Bateson, Paul McCready, William McDonough, Amory and Hunter Lovins, Hazel Henderson, Pliny Fisk, Paolo Soleri, Christopher Alexander, John Connell and many more. These forward-thinking designers have defied convention with new ideas on shelter, energy, transportation and industry. In addition to being thought-provoking, these colorful characters are very entertaining.

Table of Contents

Chapter One:
Into the Fuller Universe
Thomas Hughes: The Frontier Spirit of Invention
Harold Cohen: Design as a Way of Making the World Work
Brendan O’Reagan: Outlaw Creativity
Douglas Adams: The Mad Ones; The Original Ones
John Todd: The Innovator’s Sense of Urgency
J. Baldwin: Encounters with the Mentor
Ian McHarg: Fuller’s Contribution
Paul MacCready: The Inventive Process

Chapter Two:
From a Machine for Living to Living Machines
Ian McHarg: Why is Architecture Oblivious to the Environment
James Wines: Towards a New Architecture
Edmund Bacon: Nature as Design Paradigm Stewart Brand: Sitting at the Counterculture
J. Baldwin: Into the Design Revolution
Tony Gwilliam: Organic Building
Mary Catherine Bateson: Understadning Natural Systems
William McDonough: Not a Machine for Living in – A Living Machine!

Chapter Three:
The Intelligent Use of Energy
Amory Lovins: The Road Least Taken
Hunter Lovins: The Rocky Mountain Institute
Peter Calthorpe: Whole-Systems Design
Hazel Henderson: Redefining Wealth
J. Baldwin: On Tools
Harold Cohen: Money is Money
William McDonough: Designing for Interdependance

Chapter Four:
The Galactic Explorer Perspective
Paul MacCready: The Galactic Explorer Comes to Visit
Brendan O’Reagan: Thinking in Interplanetary Terms
Pliny Fisk: Systems in Continuous Evolution
John Allen: The Cosmic Drama
Harold Cohen: Making the World Work for All Humanity
Duane Elgin: The Univeral Liturgy
John Todd: The New Alchemists
William McDonough: Reviving the Ancient Art of Design
James Wines: Developing a New Iconography

Chapter Five:
The Emergence of an Ecological Design Science
Ian McHarg: On the Origins of Ecological Design
Brendan O’Reagan: Heading for an Aesthetic of the Invisible
William McDonough: The Multiplier Effect in Design
Carol Franklin & Lesley Sauer: Synergistic Solutions
Tony Gwilliam: Comprehensive Anticipatory Design
Christopher Alexander: Design for Living Structures
Gail Vittori & Pliny Fisk: Obstacles to Sustainable Design
Mary Catherine Bateson: Making the Earth Our Home

Chapter Six:
The New Collective Dream
Paolo Soleri: Tranforming the Urban Condition
Tony Gwilliam: Integrated Architecture
Amory Lovins: Retrofitting Our Cities
Leslie Sauer & Carol Franklin: The Greening of the City
Christopher Alexander: The Living Structure Approach to Design
Mike Corbett: Why Can’t We Build Better Communities?
Virginia Thigpen: Community – Conceived Designs
Jaime Lerner: The Collective Dream

Chapter Seven:
Writing the New Codes
Peter Calthorpe: The History of the Codes
Douglas Adams: The Infinite Virtual Address
Duane Elgin: Mutually Assured Development
Paul MacCready: Education as an Odyssey of the Mind
James Wines: Design Education
Ian McHarg: Teaching the Ecological World View
Mike Corbett: Reinventing Design Education
Hazel Henderson: The Importance of Self-Education
William McDonough: a Shift from Style to Substance
Tom Casey: The Transformation of Business
J. Baldwin: Future Housing
Mary Catherine Bateson: A Future that Looks Like Home

Afterword: Toward a Design Curriculum for the 21st Century

Biography: R. Buckminster Fuller J. Baldwin: Teaching Comprehensive Design Science David Sellers: Antiques of the Future John Connel: Towards A Design Curriculum Anthony Walmsley: Ecological Design: Myth or Method

Site, Space, and Structure

Author(s): Kim W. Todd

Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company

ISBN: 0894644807

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Site, Space, and Structure by Kim W. Todd
Van Nostrand Reinhold Company Inc., 1985.

This book is not written from a consciously sustainable perspective, but since it is a good, comprehensive treatise on site analysis and design, it covers most sustainable factors. It includes an excellent list of issues to consider, arranged in four categories: Man-made or manufactured Factors, Natural Factors, Social/Psychological/Cultural Factors, and Quality and Aesthetic Factors.

Prescriptions for a Healthy House: A Practical Guide for Architects, Builders and Homeowners

Prescriptions for a Healthy House

Prescriptions for a Healthy House: A Practical Guide for Architects, Builders and HomeownersAuthor(s): Paula Baker, Erica Elliott, John Banta

Publisher: Inword Press

ISBN: 1566903556

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Published January 1998
246 pages

Reviewer comment Prescriptions for a Healthy House is distinguished in two respects. The material is laid out following the 16 point Master Format of construction specifications so that targeting specific topics of interest is easy. The second is that the authors’ approach the subject based on the precepts of baubiology.

‘[T]here is much interesting material here, including the many references to case studies from personal involvement illustrating a point they are making. Some refer to construction issues, others to examples of problems people encounter with pollutants in their environment’

The most valuable contribution [the authors] make is suggesting text that can be added to specifications to deal with the key issues related to each aspect of work. Product sources are also identified.–SOLPLAN REVIEW, March 1998.

The author, Paula Baker E-Mail: , 01/20/98:
Its not that complicated! The book is designed to make healthy home building easy. We walk homeowner, architect and builder step-by-step through the construction process. We explain why certain standard building practices are detrimental to your health, what to do instead and where to obtain products and expertise. We welcome your comments, experiences with using the book and knowledge so that we can best serve those who come to us for help.

Review comments Many good books have been written on healthy building, but until now there has not been a nitty-gritty reference manual that covers everything from theory to specification language in a way that can be applied to any construction type. Prescriptions for a Healthy House is introductory enough to be used by someone new to the field, yet detailed and practical enough to be a valuable referenced for the more experienced.

The best thing about this book is that it is laid out to be USED. The graphic design allows for easy perusal to find the charts, case studies, specification language, resources, details, or supporting text. In fact, I made use of Prescriptions the first day I got it: a client called with a question, and I went straight to the relevant page and read her a concise list of practical suggestions. I was relieved not to have to comb my mental or physical database!

The backgrounds of the authors–experienced architect, M.D., and healthy building consultant–combine to give the book a breadth and depth rarely found in one place. More than an admonition to go nontoxic or a list of materials, the book includes practical strategies and procedures, clearly gained from experience, to ensure that the finished home is a haven, not a nightmare. The case studies bring home the authors’ points. When you read that a cleanup product caused a nearly finished house to be uninhabitable, you know WHY you need to specify everything that is used on the site. In fact, it makes me want to specify that every contractor read this book! –Carol Venolia, publisher of Building with Nature newsletter and author of Healing Environments

I liked this book very much–it fills a real need. –Vincent A. Marinkovich, M.D., Immunologist, allergist, and pediatrician, Menlo Park, CA

I will definitely recommend this book to my patients. –William Shrader, M.D., Allergist, specialist in environmental medicine, Santa Fe, NM

Contents This book takes the mystery out of healthy house building by walking the owner/architect/builder team through the construction process. It explains where and why standard building practices are not healthful, what to do differently, and how to obtain alternative materials and expertise. Provides information on how to design interior and exterior space, and select construction materials that enhance and promote physical well-being.

Table of Contents

Warning and Disclaimer
About the Authors
Pt. I. Overview
Description of the Problem and Solutions
Pt. II. Specification
Division 1. General Requirements
Division 2. Site Work
Division 3. Concrete
Division 4. Masonry or Other Alternatives to Frame Construction
Division 5. Metals
Division 6. Wood and Plastics
Division 7. Thermal and Moisture Control
Division 8. Openings
Division 9. Finishes
Division 10. Specialties
Division 11. Equipment
Division 12. Furnishings
Division 13. Special Construction
Division 14. Conveying Systems
Division 15. Mechanical
Division 16. Electrical
Appendix A Multiple Chemical Sensitivity or Environmental Illness Author Testimonials on MCS
Appendix B: Page References to Brand Name Products and Services
Appendix C: Manufacturers, Service Providers, and Catalog Sources

The Authors
Paula Baker is an architect intimately familiar with the materials and methods of standard construction. As a baubiologist, she also knows where these practices are in conflict with human health and available alternatives. Erica Elliott is a physician trained in both family practice and environmental medicine. She has extensive clinical experience in the medical consequences of standard construction. John Banta has over a decade of experience in troubleshooting indoor environmental problems. His expertise covers many aspects of indoor air quality, including the detection and reduction of electromagnetic fields and the recognition and abatement of mold problems.

Linz Cafe

Linz CafeAuthor(s): Christopher Alexander

ISBN: 0195202635

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Linz Cafe Published 1982

Guiding Principles of Sustainable Design

Guiding Principles of Sustainable Design

Guiding Principles of Sustainable Design

Author(s): United States Department of the Interior

Publisher: National Park Service

Free Online: National Park Service

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Guiding Principles of Sustainable Design

United States Department of the Interior

National Park Service, 1993.

Excellent chapter on Site Design is written primarily for park facilities, but most of the concepts can and should be applied to general residential and commercial projects as well.

Natural Energy and Venacular Architecture : Principles and Examples With Reference to Hot Arid Climates

Natural Energy and Venacular Architecture : Principles and Examples With Reference to Hot Arid Climates

Natural Energy and Venacular Architecture : Principles and Examples With Reference to Hot Arid ClimatesNatural Energy and Venacular Architecture : Principles and Examples With Reference to Hot Arid Climates

Author(s): Hassan Fathy, Walter Shearer (Editor)

Publisher: Univ of Chicago Pr (Trd)

ISBN: 0226239179

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The culmination of a lifetime’s design practice and environmental study, Natural Energy and Vernacular Architecture presents a master architects’ extraordinary insights into the vernacular wisdom of indigenous architectural forms that have evolved in hot arid climates.


This book has a traditional and philosophic view to the effects of environment on man and his architecture; this view could be affected by its authors, especially Hassan Fathy.

This book includes two parts. In the first part we can see the relationship between Man, Natural Environment and Architecture as three impressible factors. This part of book is in two chapters. In chapter one, we become familiar with relationship between environment and architecture, the effect of climate on architectural form, environment, conscious modification of microclimate and finally trends in international architecture. Chapter two includes architectural thermodynamics and human comfort in hot climates, temperature, thermal conduction and resistance, radiation, emissive, absorptive, and reflectivity transparency. In other sections of this chapter we learn about thermal convection, atmospheric pressure, water vapour, cooling by evaporation, thermal gain, thermal loss, dynamic thermal equilibrium, heat-regulating mechanisms of human body, and measurement of conditions of human comfort.

The second part tends to natural energy and vernacular architecture. This part includes four chapters. In first chapter of this part – the third chapter of book – we can learn about architecture and comfort, architectural design for a comfortable microclimate, and building materials. Chapter four assigns to the sun factor, orientation, shading, facades, openings and the roof. Chapter five is in the wind factor in air movement, air movement by pressure differential, the Claustrum, the wind-escape, the Malquf, and the Badgir. As the sixth chapter we can know in the sun factor in air movement, air movement by convection, the courtyard house, the Takhtabush and traditional city layout and climate. For chapter seventh the humidity factor, the fountain and the Salsabil have been seen.
172 pages September 1986