Solar Radiation and Daylight Models, Second Edition: For the Energy Efficient Design of Buildings

Solar Radiation and Daylight Models, Second Edition: For the Energy Efficient Design of BuildingsAuthor(s): H. Kambezidis, Tariq Muneer, Peter Tregenza

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann (Trd)

Paperback: 392 pages

ISBN: 0750624957

ISBN-13: 978-0750659741

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The cost of operating a building far exceeds the cost of constructing it, and yet until recently little attention was paid to the impact of solar radiation on the costs of heating, cooling and ventilation. And now that there has been a surge in interest in energy efficiency and solar design, architects and designers need a practical guide to the modelling and application of solar energy data.
There are many different models and techniques available for calculating the distribution of solar radiation on and in buildings, and these algorithms vary considerably in scope, accuracy and complexity. This book demonstrates which of these predictive tools gives the best results in different circumstances, including explaining which models can be best used in different parts of the world.

The author has had over twenty-five years of experience of dealing with solar energy data from four continents and has used that experience in this book to show the development not just of knowledge but also the growing sophistication of the models available to apply it.

*Based on many years of first-hand experience with solar data
*Different models demonstrated and evaluated
*Calculations that can be used anywhere in the world

Book & Cd-Rom Edition

Paperback, 160 pages
October 1997

Solar Radiation and Daylight Models for the Energy Efficient Design of Buildings

Solar Radiation and Daylight Models for the Energy Efficient Design of Buildings

Author(s): H. Kambezidis, Tariq Muneer, Peter Tregenza

Publisher: Architectural Press (September 29, 1997)

Paperback: 224 pages

ISBN: 0750624957

ISBN-13: 978-0750624954

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Book & Cd-Rom Edition

This book and CD Rom package provides an accessible, user-friendly database on daylight design data. With the boom in interest in energy-efficiency and solar design, it provides a valuable source for architects and engineers.

It describes models which can be used to provide essential data at any place in the world. These models are included on a disk to ease the task of the architect or engineers. The authors show how these models can be applied to the energy efficient design of buildings.

‘The value of this book is that an expert in the subject has made a personal selection of applicable formulae, and presented them in a comprehensive and consistent format, both on paper and in the form of computer programs. Books such as this are indispensable references for the research worker and for the practising engineer.’
Peter Tregenza, The University of Sheffield

Heating, Cooling, Lighting : Design Methods for Architects

Heating, Cooling, Lighting : Design Methods for Architects

Author(s): Norbet M. Lechner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471628875

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Heating, Cooling, Lighting : Design Methods for Architects

Paperback, 544 pages
Publication date: January 1991

The publisher, John Wiley & Sons:
Using a qualitative rather than a quantitative approach, presents detailed information based on concepts, rules, guidelines, intuition, and experience for architects in the areas of heating, cooling, and lighting at the schematic design stage. The data explored supports a three-tiered approach–load avoidance, using natural energy sources, and mechanical equipment. Among the topics covered are shading, thermal envelope, passive heating and cooling, electric lighting, and HVAC. Case studies illustrate how certain buildings use techniques at all three tiers for heating, cooling, and lighting. An appendix lists some of the more appropriate computer programs available to the architect for analysis at the schematic design stage.

Table of Contents

  • Heating, Cooling, and Lighting as Form-Givers in Architecture
  • Basic Principles
  • Thermal Comfort
  • Climate
  • Solar Radiation
  • Passive Solar
  • Shading
  • Passive Cooling
  • Site and Community Planning
  • Lighting
  • Electric Lighting
  • Daylighting
  • Energy Efficiency: Keeping Warm and Staying Cool
  • Mechanical Equipment for Heating and Cooling
  • Case Studies
  • Energy Sources
  • Appendices
  • Bibliography
  • Recommended General Sources
  • Index.

Daylighting for Sustainable Design

Daylighting for Sustainable Design

Author(s): Mary Guzowski

Hardcover: 448 pages

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional; 1 edition (October 11, 1999)

ISBN-10: 0070254397

ISBN-13: 978-0070254398

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Daylighting is a key element of sustainable design. First, it reduces the need for artificial lighting — often the largest energy use in commercial buildings. Second, daylighting is primarily design-dependent with little additional material expense. Third, daylighting offers a wide range of benefits including energy savings, improved health, better aesthetics as well as higher productivity and sales. These benefits make daylighting one of the most popular features in modern buildings.

Daylighting for Sustainable Design offers practical strategies and techniques for a wide range of building types. Throughout, the author uses illustrations and photos (many in color) to demonstrate key points. The book is filled with examples, including office buildings, hospitals, libraries, private homes and more.

Daylighting for Sustainable Design goes far beyond the architecture and technology of daylighting. Part I addresses environmental considerations that affect the design, including the apparent motion of the sun, sky conditions and other characteristics of the local climate. Guzowski also identifies ways that daylighting can contribute heat, electricity, plant growth, waste processing and even food production. Part III delves into human considerations such as visual comfort, light therapy, contact between humans, human interaction with the building and the connection to the outside environment. Sandwiched in the middle, Part II describes architectural issues such as building forms and massing, windows and appropriate technology.

449 pages, 2000

“Her vision is worldwide and her palette is rich: Light. Architecture. Color. Health. Design. Plants. Energy. Time. Reflection. Shading. Comfort. Form. Economy. Weather. Nature. Heat. Seasons…. Mary Guzowski is showing us the way back to an appropriate, balanced and beautiful world. She brings light into our lives.

— From the foreword by Malcolm Wells, author of Gentle Architecture

“This specific tie of daylighting to larger questions of sustainable design is unique… useful and revealing.”

— John Reynolds, University of Oregon, coauthor of Mechanical and Electrical Equipment for Buildings

Courtyards: Aesthetic, Social, and Thermal Delight

Courtyards: Aesthetic, Social, and Thermal Delight

Author(s): John Reynolds

Publisher: Wiley; 1 edition (November 15, 2001)

Language: English

ISBN-10: 0471398845

ISBN-13: 978-0471398844
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Courtyards are special areas that allow the inside and outside to mingle; where rain, wind, daylight, darkness and sound can be showcased. Simply, they are niches of beauty and solace. Since at least 3000 B.C., courtyards have been incorporated into the architecture of the day as a significant part of the physical and cultural landscape. Today, the courtyard continues to be an evolving and popular aspect of design through which landscapers and designers can create privacy amidst increased property development.

Most people have seen the beauty of a courtyard or have experienced its social benefits, but very few studies have shown how successful courtyards are at cooling. Reynolds career-long interest in energy use, especially solar energy, is on display in the chapter on climate and comfort. Here and throughout the book, he addresses energy issues in both quality and quantity.

Courtyards presents a survey of courtyards, contemporary design guidelines and a diverse selection of examples. You will acquire a basic understanding of the balance that must exist between garden and building, including practical advice for planting.

Part One presents the characteristics of courtyards, including classifications, plants, orientation, exposure, materials and changes over time. Part Two offers a tour of some particular courtyards in Spain and Mexico, including details on thermal performance and responses to the urban environment. This section is generously supplemented with 50 color photographs. Part Three presents design guidelines, including day-night temperature ranges, zoning regulations, proportions and innovative proposals incorporating driveways and uses of rainwater.

John Reynolds is a professor emeritus of architecture at the University of Oregon. He has been actively involved in the American Solar Energy Society for many years and served as its president.

242 pages, 2002

Daylighting Performance and Design

Daylighting Performance and Design

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

Hardcover: 256 pages

ISBN: 0471286613

ISBN-13: 978-0471286615

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Daylighting Performance and Design

Hardcover

This step-by-step manual shows you how to incorporate daylighting into your building designs. Daylighting Performance and Design first explains the fundamentals of daylighting and then surveys nine design strategies. There is a complete discussion of ways to integrate daylight with electric lighting. Daylighting design tools include a series of worksheets for manual calculations and a thorough discussion of three top computer programs. More than two dozen other computer design and evaluation tools are listed. There’s even a section dedicated to physical modeling using a sky simulator.

Case studies of retail, office, institutional and industrial buildings tie it all together. Each one includes plan and elevation drawings along with several photographs of the completed building. Performance results are presented for each case study. The appendices provide technical data on weather and materials. One extremely useful appendix presents a parametric analysis of daylighting for a standard building in six representative locations in the U.S. Using the DOE-2 computer program, dozens of performance parameters were calculated, including energy used for lighting and HVAC, along with capital cost and payback.

From evaluation to execution, Daylighting Performance and Design is a catalog of strategies, materials and methods. It makes theory, calculations and execution crystal clear with straight-to-the-solution examples and uncluttered language.

Daylighting in Architecture: A European Reference Book

Daylighting in Architecture: A European Reference Book

Author(s): N. Baker (Editor), A. Fanchiotti (Editor), K. Steemers (Editor)

Publisher: James & James

Paperback: 380 pages

ISBN: 1873936214

ISBN-13: 978-1873936214

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Typically one third of the energy used in many buildings may be consumed by electric lighting. Good daylighting design can reduce electricity consumption for lighting and improve standards of visual comfort, health and amenity for the occupants.

As the only comprehensive text on the subject written in the last decade, the book will be welcomed by all architects and building services engineers interested in good daylighting design.

TOPICS include:
* daylighting evaluation and analysis
* light and human requirements
* daylight data
* photometry of materials
* daylighting components
* electric lighting
* control systems
* daylight and energy modeling
* case studies
* glossary

The book is based on the work of 25 experts from all parts of Europe who have collected, evaluated and developed the material under the auspices of the European Commission’s Solar Energy and Energy Conservation R&D Programs.

About the Author

Koen Steemers of Cambridge Architectural Research Ltd., Cambridge, U.K.

Nick V. Baker is an independent consultant and technical expert on the energy efficient refurbishment and the development of LT software in the UK.

A. Fanchiotti of the University of Rome “La Sapienza,’ Rome, Italy.

Passive Solar Commercial and Institutional Buildings: A Sourcebook of Examples and Design Insights

Passive Solar Commercial and Institutional Buildings: A Sourcebook of Examples and Design InsightsAuthor(s): Paris, France International Energy Agency, S.R. Hastings

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471939439

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Paperback, 464 pages
Publication date: March 1994

The publisher, John Wiley & Sons:
Collected results of research performed by solar experts from 12 countries during 1986-1991. Features 45 building case studies and expands their findings through parametric studies using computer models. Encourages the design of buildings adapted to and profiting from their environmental climate. Covers effective passive solar concepts in residential and commercial design. Discusses both the energy-saving and aesthetic effects of daylighting design.

Booknews, Inc., 06/01/94:
Presents the results of research carried out by solar experts from 12 countries between 1986 and 1991, featuring 45 case studies of buildings–both commercial and institutional–that range from a large university complex with multiple atria in Norway to a sports hall employing a mass wall in Spain. Insights gained from these projects have been expanded by conducting parametric studies using computer models, some of which were developed specifically for this International Energy Agency research. Practically rather than aesthetically illustrated with b&w charts, drawings, photographs, and plans. Annotation copyright Book News, Inc. Portland, Or.

Table of Contents

Parts of the Book
Chapters
Integration of Strategies
References

SOLAR USABILITY
Introduction
Internal Gains
Simulation Studies with an Ideal Heating System
Simulation Studies with Actual Heating Systems
Conclusions
References

SOLAR HEATING
Introduction
Direct Gain Systems
Air Collector Systems
Air Flow
Windows
Mass Wall Systems
Transparent Insulation Systems
Absorber Walls
Storage Systems

DAYLIGHTING
Introduction
Classification of Strategies
Examples
Detailed Results
Analysis
Tools
Conclusions
Recommended Reading

COOLING
Introduction
Strategies
Examples
Analysis
Tools
Conclusions
Recommended Reading

ATRIA
Introduction
Typology
Case Studies
Examples
Design Insights
Atrium Analysis
Tools
Conclusions
Recommended Reading
Appendices
Index.

Concepts and Practice of Architectural Daylighting

Author: Fuller Moore

Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold (Trade)

ISBN: 0442264399

ISBN-13: 978-0442264390

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This work provides architects with the necessary conceptual framework and analytical tools to integrate daylighting into building design at the earliest stages. The author includes numerous examples and model studies with an emphasis on predictive techniques.

Windows & Skylights: The Best of Fine Homebuilding

Windows & Skylights: The Best of Fine HomebuildingPublisher: Taunton Press

Paperback: 112 pages

ISBN: 1561581275

ISBN-13: 978-1561581276

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Publication date: May 1996

Here are trade secrets for choosing the best new windows, restringing double-hung windows and installing and building skylights. How-to articles on how to build shutters and window frames and how to install casement, bay, and arch-top windows are also included. Full color.

Table of Contents
Introduction
Taking a Look at Windows
Shop-Built Window Frames
Double-Hungs Restrung
Building Fixed-Glass Windows
Making Curvilinear Sash
Making Window Sash
Reglazing Windows and Doors
Cranking Out Casements
Installing Fixed Glass Windows
Designing and Building Leak-Free Sloped Glazing
Screen-Porch Windows
Simple Joinery for Custom Windows
Installing Arch-Top Windows
Building a Kitchen-Counter Bay Window
Framing a Walk-Out Bow Window
Installing Glass Block
Acrylic Glazing
Site-Built, Fixed-Glass Skylights
Movable Insulation for Skylights
Installing a Factory-Built Skylight
Framing for Skylights
A Site-Built Ridge Skylight
Curbless Skylights
Skylights in the Eaves
Building Louvered Shutters
Finishing Touches
Index